The Sabbath in the Old Testament and the New – John 5:16-18

John 5:16-18

1. Have you ever been confronted by someone about worshiping on Sunday rather than Saturday?  How did you handle it? Did it make you wonder about which is right? What does the Sabbath mean to you?

2. When the Bible says in Genesis 2:1-3 that God “rested” on the seventh day, what images come to mind?  How does knowing that the word “rested” means “ceased” or “stopped” help you understand better? Read Isaiah 58:13-14. Who’s pleasure should we be seeking on the Sabbath?  Does it say it a Sabbath hour or the whole day? How should this affect our view of Sunday?

3. Read John 5:16-18. Reading this in the English language Bible (not Greek) doesn’t it sound like Jesus was sinning and breaking the Sabbath?  Has Jesus ever sinned? Then what does it mean? How does understanding that the word “breaking” means “to dissolve”, “annul” or “put an end to” change how this passage should be understood?

4. In Ephesians 2:13-16 it says Jesus “broke down” (dissolved, annulled) the dividing wall of old church dogma (rules) through the cross to bring us all together.  How has church “rules” (dogma) divided the Christians churches over the years?  How have you seen Church politics divide?

5. Read Colossians 2:16-17. What does it say about what we are not to judge each other about?  Since the Bible is so clear about not judging each other on these things, why do people still do it? Do you understand the statement that, when referring to shadowing of things to come, “the Sabbath is a foreshadowing of our salvation in the finished work of Jesus on the cross”?

6. Read Acts 20:7.  What day of the week were they gathered for communion and a sermon?  Why did the believers switch their day or Worship to the “Lord’s Day” (Sunday)?

7. Read Hebrews 4:9-11.  Have you rested from your works (rules and earning salvation) and began to enjoy the freedom from works that Jesus died for?